Rural Livelihood Diversified

Project name: Rural Livelihood Diversified

Sub programs:

  • RLD: Appropriate Germplasm Project (2006)
  • RLD: Agriculture Research and Technology Transfer (2006)
  • RLD: Horticulture network (2006 – 2008)
  • RLD: High Value Horticultural Crops, Spices and Tea in Southern Africa (2009 – 2010)

Date: 2006 - 2010
Location: Zambia, South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola

Objectives and outcomes:

The purpose of the initiative was to diversify rural livelihoods in order to ensure “Improvement in the Rural Livelihood in Southern Africa” through a grant from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). ASNAPP South Africa and Zambia, Rutgers University and Alcorn University collaborated on the project.

This was achieved by identifing high potential germplasm and high value alternative crops, build nursery capacity, promote business and enterprise development through adoption of new germplasm and alternative crops, new technology, and improved market linkages and technology.

Revitalizing the Southern African Research Network while working to improve and diversify rural livelihoods in the Chinyanja Triangle, which covers Malawi, Zambia, and Mozambique, which has also been extended to Angola, South Africa and Lesotho, through scientific research, technology transfer and capacity building.

Variety evaluations and nursery establishment

  • Hosted an international essential oil symposium in Stellenbosch South Africa. 102 delegates attended the symposium.
  • In Angola 27 vegetable varieties; In Stellenbosch, South Africa, 184 tomato, 58 cucumber and 59 sweet pepper varieties; In Livingstone 56 specialty vegetable and herb varieties were evaluated.
  • ASNAPP Zambia, with the assistance of ASNAPP South Africa and Rutgers University, successfully facilitated a Paprika TOT workshop, which was held in Lilongwe, Malawi (35 participants).
  • Genetic material of a very specific Buchu species was obtained from Cape Nature Conservation. This will utilized in research programs and to establish a community project in Algeria (Cederberg) – 16000 plants were planted.
  • Rutgers University is in the process of evaluating 40 Artemisia selections for further screening in Africa.
  • Two genebanks and three seedling nurseries have been maintained and expanded and 6 new nurseries have been established.
  • The following germplasm has been propagated and sold by ASNAPP or the nurseries it supports: 50000 Moringa seedlings, 10000 rooted geranium cuttings, 22000 rooted rosemary cuttings, 10000 lemongrass plants, 150000 Rooibos seedlings, 16000 Buchu seedlings, 150000 Honeybush tea seedlings and 350000 Jatropha seedlings.
  • Agronomic studies of Moringa, Jatropha and Artemisia annua have been established in Zambia.
  • ASNAPP has successfully implemented paprika variety evaluation trials in the Chinyanja Triangle. The evaluation will have an impact on at least 5000 paprika farmers in the Chinyanja Triangle.
  • Rutgers University set up and developed the standards for moringa and the herbal teas (Lemongrass, Rooibos, Honeybush, Fadogia).
  • Crop budgets (33) have been derived for the Zambian crops, but still needs to be validated.
  • Model of the supply chain and commercialization for non traditional natural products crops was developed and prepared from our prior experiences in ASNAPP.
  • Germplasm information exchange took place at 5 field days in Southern Africa and about 825 people attended.


  • 573 rural households benefitted directly from vegetable production
  • 16 agricultural related firms benefitted directly from vegetable production and marketing
  • 65 individuals received training in vegetable production (45 men; 20 women)
  • 2 women organizations/female institutions assisted in vegetable production
  • 627 tons of vegetables produced; Vegetable sales to the value of $660000

Small fruit

  • 74 people received training in small fruits production (62 men; 12 women)
  • 158 varieties sourced


  • 4 greenhouse technologies transferred to farmer associations
  • 60 rural households benefitted directly from greenhouse production technologies
  • 19 agricultural related firms benefitted directly from greenhouse technologies
  • 231 individuals received training in greenhouse vegetable production (186 male; 45 female)
  • 1 women organizations/female institutions assisted in greenhouse technologies
  • 6800 m2 placed under greenhouse production
  • Volume of Production 56 ton; Value of sales $105000
  • 3 greenhouse technology evaluations/demonstration fields established
  • 25 farmers adopted greenhouse production technologies


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